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Calculation of stratosphere–troposphere exchange in East Asia cut-off lows: cases from the Lagrangian perspective

发布人:ljh  |  来自:本站  |  发布时间:2016-03-08 18:48:27  |  点击次数:1202
全文下载链接:http://lageo.iap.ac.cn/uploads/160309024902r0i7wyu8orm7.pdf

Abstract

In this study, the authors focus on the cut-off low pressure systems (COLs) lingering over East Asia in late spring and early summer and quantify the two-way stratosphere–troposphere exchange (STE) by 3D trajectory integrations, achieved using a revised version of the UK Universities Global Atmospheric Modelling Programme Offline Trajectory Code (Version 3). By selecting 10 typical COLs and calculating the cross-tropopause air mass fluxes, it is found that stratosphere-to-troposphere transport (STT) fluxes exist in the center of COLs; and in the periphery of the COL center, troposphere-to-stratosphere transport (TST) fluxes and STT fluxes are distributed alternately. Net transport fluxes in COLs are from stratosphere to troposphere, and the magnitude is about 10−4 kg m−2 s−1. The ratio between the area-averaged STT and TST fluxes increases with increasing strength of the COLs. By adopting appropriate residence time, the spurious transports are effectively excluded. Finally, the authors compare the results with previous studies, and find that the cross-tropopause fluxes (CTFs) induced by COLs are about one to two orders of magnitude larger than global CTFs. COLs play a significant role in local, rapid air mass exchanges, although they may only be responsible for a fraction of the total STE.

摘要

本文使用三维非绝热朗格朗日轨迹模式OFFLINE3,对春末夏初东亚地区的切断低压所主导的双向平流层-对流层交换(STE)进行定量计算。通过对10个东亚地区切断低压的识别、计算、分析,发现切断低压附近发生平流层向对流层质量通量(STT)与对流层向平流层质量通量(TST)量级相当,但是分布范围不同:STT出现在低压中心西南部,最大通量位置出现在低压中心东南,TST最大值出现在槽前,并且从低压中心向外STT与TST交替分布。从本文所取的切断低压个例而言,切断低压产生的STT质量通量量级为10−4 kg m−2 s−1,促成的STE的净输送方向为从平流层向对流层,量级为10−4 kg m−2 s−1,比全球平均STE质量通量大1–2个量级。
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