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Upward negative leaders in positive triggered lightning:Stepping and branching in the initial stage

发布人:ljh  |  来自:本站  |  发布时间:2017-10-19 14:22:18  |  点击次数:192
 全文下载链接:http://lageo.iap.ac.cn/uploads/171020062343krrwr99kb9gz.pdf

Abstract  By conducting comprehensive observation on the rarely triggered positive lightning flashes, two cases of upward negative leaders were quantitatively investigated with simultaneous data of current, optical, and electromagnetic field changes at fine time resolution. The impulsive channel current associated with the initial leader stepping involved pulse interval, peak, charge of 19.1 μs, 122.3 Å, 465.9 μC, and 20.3 μs, 58.4 Å, 267.2 μC, for the two cases, respectively. The negative charge of an individual step was nearly an order of magnitude larger than that of the positive leader step in triggered lightning. The upward negative stepped leader branches shortly after initiation, and consequently, the stepping-caused current pulses became multipeaked, wider, and more frequent in waveforms. The main leader tip propagated at an average speed of 2.10 × 10 5 m/s, while its partial speed fluctuated a lot as was significantly influenced by the behaviors of subbranches development.

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